For the majority of the 20th century, the radio was the principal means of communication and delivery of information for most of the world. It was how people kept up to date on the developments throughout World War I and II. It was how governments issued warnings to citizens if there was a national emergency. It was also how community radio was first started.
Knowing how this broadcasting model started is important for those who might be planning on operating one or are interested in learning about it because of the implications of its history. The ideals that sparked the first to host their own station in order to broadcast information that benefits every member of their community is something that still lives in many societies today.
History Of The Radio
Community radio goes back almost all the way back to the invention of the first radio. Famed inventor Nicolai Tesla was responsible for starting the trend back in 1893, which was later perfected by the scientist, Gugliamo Marconi after he was inspired by the discovery of the radio waves by Heinrich Hertz. Marconi basically realized that Hertz’ discovery could allow for the transmission of messages wirelessly.
Immediately following the invention of the first radio equipment, its use was mainly for communication between distant ships. During World War I, demand for wireless communication surged, which led to an increase in use of the platform. It wasn’t until World War II that the radio became more mainstream in the entertainment genre.
History Of Community Radio
The earliest form of community radio started in 1946, when a group of radio figures and intellectuals decided to create the Pacifica Foundation. The goal was basically to provide impartial information with the intent to bridge the gap between people regardless of nationality, political affiliation, color, gender, or age.
However, it wasn’t until 1963 that a community radio station as it is known today was formed. Called KRAB in Seattle, it was operated by Lorenza Milam, a known non-conformist. Many other community radio stations branched off from KRAB and it was emulated by many others since. Suffice it to say, their topics didn’t revolve around discussions on how to Save Money On Electronics and the like.